There are three distribution arrester types commonly used to protect overhead distribution equipment from the damaging effects of overvoltage. IEEE C62.11 defines Normal Duty (ND) and Heavy Duty (HD) classes by their ability to withstand certain current impulse levels. The third, Heavy Duty Riser is a type, or variation, of the HD classification and utilizes a larger diameter Metal Oxide Varistor (MOV) disc.
When comparing different arrester designs, it is important to understand how the arrester was built to correctly evaluate the amount of protection it will provide. The IEEE C62.11 standard covers two types of Metal Oxide Varistor (MOV) distribution arresters that are available today, internally gapped and gapless. These arresters might look identical from the outside, but the different internal module design affects how the arrester protects voltage sensitive equipment.